Trees of the woods

The trees occupy a place of considerable importance in the environment, linked to a multi-year life-cycle, often spanning centuries.The tree is a complex and wonderful organism,   characterized by a long biological life cycle performing vegetative reproductive functions, drawing oxygen from the atmosphere for respiration, carbon dioxide for photosynthesis through its leaves, and lastly water and nutrients from soil through its roots.
The tree is considered in its natural aptitude for living gregariously, that is more or less numerous groups of individuals of the same species or different species which share the same or compatible ecological requirements.
Such a community of trees is the forest, pure in the first case, mixed in the second. The tree is precious to humans because it provides wood, fruits and other useful products. The forest are important for many reasons: from an economic point of view related to the production of raw materials essential to man, from the social aspect of landscaping and no less important the biophysical aspect; protection of soil and conditioning environment for a more intense   biological activity, both vegetable and animal.
Italy is in absolute prevalence made up of sloped areas of lands that, in a not very distant past, were densely covered by natural forests, the population, the development of agriculture, the advent of the first industries were the causes of the destruction of these forests.
The forest is the actual manufacturer of the active soil, with its different level roots permeating the soil up to a considerable depth, favouring the penetration of air and water, mobilizing the nutrients, resulting in an extremely active microbiological life as fungi, insects, bacteria finally making it more fertile through the humification of bare materials such as branches and leaves.
In the presence of the forest rain water are retained in the soil and absorbed up to deeper layers avoiding those effects coming from erosion and subsequent flood phenomena.

Specifications

Species present in the area:
Scientific name (common name)

  • Rosa canina (Wild Rose)
  • Cercis siliquastrum (Judas Tree)
  • Oxycantha Crataegus (Hawthorn)
  • Anagyroides Laburnum (Laburnum)
  • Pyracantha coccinea (Firethorn)
  • Ilex aquifolium (Holly)
  • Quercus cervis (Cerro)
  • Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry male)
  • Ruscus hypoglossum (Bigger Ruscolo)
  • Ligustrum vulgare (privet)
  • Ruscus aculeatus (Butcher's Broom)
  • Ulmus campestris (Country Olmo)


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