The conifers are a type of Gymnosperms, they grow well in countries with a mild climate. Monoecious and dioecious plants belong to them.
The name of conifer comes from the appearance of cone inflorescences or from a cone shape which these trees often have.
They can reach considerable size, however there are also "dwarf" and bushy species.
The leaves, almost usually persistent, are needle-like or scale-shaped, lacking organic substance, they provide little humus to the underworld, which is, therefore, barren and covered with large layers of needles.
Their importance in the context of the mountain ecology is huge, in fact they mitigate the climate and make it more healthy. They limit erosion due to rainwater, hold with their deep root system the land that would otherwise collapse, take water by giving it back to
the atmosphere in the form of steam, then provide timber for construction, and for carving crafts and firewood.
The conifers produce resin, a sticky substance, contained in the stem and leaves, which solidifies in contact with air.From it is extracted the essence of turpentine, which is used in the pharmaceutical industry for certain medicines and the chemical industry to produce paint and pitch,
once used to waterproof the hulls of ships.
Among these are the family of Taxacee, of the Cupressaceae and Abietacee or Pinaceae.
Species present in the area:
Scientific name (common name)
Cupressus sempervirens (Cypress)
Pinus pinea (pine)
Cryptomeria japonica (Criptomeria)
Thuya occidentalis pyramidalis (Thuja)
Thuya orientalis pyramidalis (Thuja)
Pfitzeriana golden Juniperus (Juniper)
Chamaecyparis filifera aurea (Cedar)
Pfitzeriana Juniperus (Juniper)
Rheingold Thuya occidentalis (Thuja)
Pinus mugo (Pino)
Picea glauca globosa (Spruce)