Each plant, to live, often has to overcome adverse conditions of climate and environment. This downright "struggle for life" is conducted till the end by the so-called creepers. Each climbing plant is equipped with a stem so weak that, as soon as it rises to search for greater light and air, is no longer able to remain erect and is folded towards the ground.These plants without the benefit of light would remain weak.
The creepers implement some clever tricks to rely on external supports.
There are two major types of climbing plants: twining plants and proper called creepers.The twining plants have herbaceous and flexible stems, that wrap in suitable supports.The supports must be close, thin, vertical and rather rough, the plant would not wrap around a very smooth stick.The stem is wrapped in a counterclockwise circular movement.After various windings they become spiral and more adherent to the support, because the stem has the tendency to straighten out.Those that are strictly called climbing plants have woody and robust stems; they clamp onto foreign bodies, without preference for size or orientation, by means of lateral attachment organs in the shape of cirrus or tendrils.The tendril is the organ for gripping the vines as well as twining around the tree trunk.
Scientific Name (common name)
Lonicera Caprifolium (Honeysuckle)
Clematis vitalba (Vitalba)
Hedera helix (Ivy)
Lonicera Periclymenum (Honeysuckle Atlantic)
Hypericum perforatum (St. John's Wort)
Wisteria sinensis (Wisteria)
Jasminum officinale (Jasmine)
Rubus Ulmifolius (bramble)